Recently, I set up my home network for digital content sharing. I will take some notes here for future reference.
- Router: Netgear Nighthawk AX8 AX6000
- Supports Wifi 6, MU-MIMO, link aggregation (802.3ad).
- Cost: $327 with an Amazon limited-time offer.
- NAS: Synology DS418play
- 4-bay, 2GB RAM, supports 4K transcoding.
- Cost: $402 with Amazon Discover card offer.
- Ethernet cable: 2xCAT 8
- Not quite necessary since DS418play ports are 1k Mbps.
- Cost: $12.
- HDD: WD Red 4TB
- Cost: $88 each with Amazon AMEX offer.
- Router and NAS setup are pretty straightforward.
- Link aggregation
- Needs to configure this on both router and NAS.
- Synology doc
- Time machine backup for macOS
- The default file transfer protocol between macOS and NAS is SMB. Here are some tips to optimize it.
I found the official Download station package in DSM is not quite optimized for BT downloading. Transmission is a better choice. Here are steps to install and setup in Synology DSM.
- Add “synocommunity” in Package Center -> Settings -> Package Sources.
- Location: http://packages.synocommunity.com
- Set Trust Level to “Synology Inc. and trusted publishers” in Package Center -> Settings -> General.
- Install “Transmission” in Package Center -> Community.
- Create folders to be used.
- “download” for completed downloads.
- “watch”: Transmission will start a download task automatically once a torrent file is added here.
- “incomplete” for downloading files.
- Start the installation in Package Center; fill in all the folder information and credentials.
- Set up Read/Write permission for Group “sc-download” for those folders in Control Panel -> Group -> sc-download -> edit -> Permissions.
- All done! View the web UI at http://your_nas_ip:9091
- The package can be started or stopped in the Package Center.
- Available GUI: transgui.
- I tried to manually configure DNS server to
18.104.22.168in Control Panel -> Network for external access. But this setting seemed to cause some interruptions for DSM connection. Also, transmission jobs experienced frequent 0-speed time. It may not be a good idea.